The Wonders of Olduvai Gorge : The Olduvai Gorge is situated in northern Tanzania, halfway between the Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Crater. A stop in the gorge is great if you’re traveling between the Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Crater.
It is located about 45 kilometers (28 miles) from Laetoli, another notable early human settlement site to be seen during a Tanzania safari tour, in the eastern Serengeti national park Plains of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area in the Olbalbal ward of the Ngorongoro District of Arusha Region. The distance from Laetoli is about 60 kilometers. In this Tanzania safari place, visitors can see 4 million-year-old prehistoric human footprints that have been preserved in volcanic rock.
The age and size of Olduvai Gorge
Over a period of two million years, erosion produced the Olduvai Gorge. With a width of 30 miles (48 km), a depth of 295 feet (90 meters), and a length of more than 30 miles (48 km), it is a steep ravine. About 12 miles (19 km) downstream of Lake Masek and Lake Ndutu, a subsidiary valley connects to the main gorge.
The origin of man in Olduvai Gorge
One of the most distinctive Tanzania safari destinations is the Olduvai Gorge, which has drawn the attention of several scientists for more than 50 years. The remains of an unidentified hominid were found in 1960 by the Leakey pair, a team of anthropologists who had spent years working there. The family of primates known as hominids, or hominidae in Latin, contains the species human (Homo) and three additional genera of so-called big apes (orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees). The first member of the genus and a direct progenitor of the modern human was a Homo habilis, also referred to as the “handy man.”
The area is important for demonstrating the early Hominins’ growing social and developmental complexity, which is primarily seen in the creation and usage of stone tools. Prior to the development of tools, evidence of scavenging, hunting, and the proportion of meat to plant matter in the early human diet can be seen. This is highlighted by the presence of gnaw marks that precede cut marks. An indication of growing social interaction and community activities is the gathering of tools and animal remains in a single location. All of these evidence points to an improvement in cognitive abilities during the start of the transition from hominins to homininina, or the human clade.
Origin of the name ‘Olduvai Gorge’
Originally intended to refer to a plant that is extensively distributed there, the local tribe’s use of the Maasai word Oldupai led to the name’s accidental adoption. Although both of these names are incorrect, sisal, also known as agave, is the most common way that English speakers describe the plant. According to contemporary taxonomy, the plant belongs to the Sanserevia genus.
Olduvai Gorge museum
Mary Leakey first dedicated the Olduvai Gorge Museum in the late 1970s, and it was later replaced by a new structure in 2018, the same year the Olduvai Gorge Monument was built. The monument, which was made by artist Fest Kijo, has two enormous concrete skulls that represent the first two species discovered in the gorge. Since the museum’s establishment, its displays have included objects and study from the neighborhood.
A Tanzania safari vacation must include a stop at The Olduvai Gorge for anyone who wants to understand more about the ancestors of modern humans. In search of the location where our ancestors, who lived more than 1.75 million years ago, first appeared, thousands of tourists travel to the Olduvai Gorge every year. You may enjoy the spectacular views of the gorge from here and learn more about its archaeological finds by visiting the museum’s exhibits, The Wonders of Olduvai Gorge
What to anticipate when you visit the Olduvai Gorge Museum
The largest natural history and scientific research center in East Africa is located in the Olduvai Gorge Site. During a Tanzania safari tour, the new museum helps tourists become more aware of the Olduvai Gorge region and the value of its archaeological discoveries. The new museum, which is a part of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area, gives guests more to see and do as they travel between the Serengeti National Park and the Ngorongoro Crater during their Tanzania safari experience.
At this outstanding palaeoanthropological site, immerse yourself in historical antiquity. A wide range of displays, including items gathered at significant sites, are housed in the new museum. The Datoga, Masai, and Hadzabe cultures, which can be found residing inside the Ngorongoro conservation area, are shown in cultural exhibitions at the museum, along with an exhibition on early Stone Age discoveries.
The Antiquities guides provide daily lectures, and Tanzania safaris can be booked to see the annual migrations of wildebeest, zebra, lion, elephant, and cheetah through the Gorge. Giraffe, agama lizards, leopard tortoises, dik-dik antelope, and Grant’s gazelles are among the other wildlife spotted in the Olduvai Gorge on Tanzania safari excursions.
Tanzania has so many attractions. For those who are interested in archaeology, the Olduvai Gorge is particularly unique. Whether you’re going on a shared or private safari, we are delighted to answer any questions you may have and assist you in planning your Tanzania safari vacations.